Lupa Kata Sandi? Klik di Sini

atau Masuk melalui

Belum Memiliki Akun Daftar di Sini


atau Daftar melalui

Sudah Memiliki Akun Masuk di Sini

Konfirmasi Email

Kami telah mengirimkan link aktivasi melalui email ke rudihamdani@gmail.com.

Klik link aktivasi dan dapatkan akses membaca 2 artikel gratis non Laput di koran dan Majalah Tempo

Jika Anda tidak menerima email,
Kirimkan Lagi Sekarang

After COVID, WHO Defines Disease Spread 'Through Air'

Editor

Laila Afifa

19 April 2024 06:09 WIB

TEMPO.CO, London - The World Health Organization and around 500 experts have agreed for the first time on what it means for a disease to spread through the air, in a bid to avoid the confusion early in the COVID-19 pandemic that some scientists have said cost lives.

The Geneva-based U.N. health agency released a technical document on the topic on Thursday, April 18. It said it was the first step towards working out how to better prevent this kind of transmission, both for existing diseases like measles and for future pandemic threats.

The document concludes that the descriptor "through the air" can be used for infectious diseases where the main type of transmission involves the pathogen traveling through the air or being suspended in the air, in line with other terms such as "waterborne" diseases, which are understood across disciplines and by the public.

Almost 500 experts contributed to the definition, including physicists, public health professionals and engineers, many of whom disagreed bitterly over the topic in the past.

Agencies have historically required high levels of proof before calling diseases airborne, which required very stringent containment measures; the new definition says the risk of exposure and severity of disease should also be considered.

Past disagreements also centered around whether infectious particles were "droplets" or "aerosols" based on size, which the new definition moves away from.

During the early days of COVID in 2020, around 200 aerosol scientists publicly complained that the WHO had failed to warn people of the risk that the virus could spread through the air. This led to an overemphasis on measures like handwashing to stop the virus, rather than focusing on ventilation, they said.

On Wednesday, Democrats in the Arizona state House failed to repeal a controversial abortion ban that dates back to 1864 after they couldn’t muster Republican support.

By July 2020, the agency said there was "evidence emerging" of airborne spread, but its then chief scientist Soumya Swaminathan – who began the process to get a definition – later said, opens new tab the WHO should have been more forceful "much earlier".

Her successor, Jeremy Farrar, said in an interview that the new definition was about more than COVID, but he added that at the beginning of the pandemic, there was a lack of evidence available and experts including the WHO acted in "good faith". At that time, he was head of the Wellcome Trust charity and advised the British government on the pandemic.

Farrar said getting the definition agreed among experts from all disciplines would allow discussions to begin about issues such as ventilation in many different settings, from hospitals to schools.

He compared it to the realization that blood-borne viruses like HIV or hepatitis B could be spread by medics not wearing gloves during procedures.

"When I started out, medical students, nurses, doctors, none of us wore gloves to take blood," he told Reuters. "Now it is unthinkable that you wouldn’t wear gloves. But that came because everyone agreed on what the issue was, they agreed on the terminology… [The change in practice] came later."

REUTERS

Editor's Choice: Indonesia's Aviation Sector to Recover 100% in 2024 Post COVID-19 Pandemic

Click here to get the latest news updates from Tempo on Google News



U.S. CDC Recommends Updated COVID-19 Vaccines for Those Aged Six Months and Older

19 hari lalu

U.S. CDC Recommends Updated COVID-19 Vaccines for Those Aged Six Months and Older

The U.S. CDC recommends that individuals aged six months and older should be given an updated COVID-19 vaccine for the 2024-25 immunization campaign.


6 Facts About 'STSS' Flesh-Eating Bacteria Outbreak in Japan

20 hari lalu

6 Facts About 'STSS' Flesh-Eating Bacteria Outbreak in Japan

Japan is facing a surge in cases of a dangerous bacterial infection known as Streptococcal Toxic Shock Syndrome (STSS).


2,000 Medical Evacuations from Gaza Prevented by Rafah Crossing Closure, Says WHO

22 hari lalu

2,000 Medical Evacuations from Gaza Prevented by Rafah Crossing Closure, Says WHO

The closure of the Rafah crossing between Egypt and Gaza has prevented the medical evacuations of at least 2,000 patients.


Corruption Bankrupts Indofarma

41 hari lalu

Corruption Bankrupts Indofarma

Indofarma is bankrupt when other pharmaceutical companies are doing very well as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic.


Top 10 Busiest Airports in the World, Five in United States

44 hari lalu

Top 10 Busiest Airports in the World, Five in United States

Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport (ATL) in the United States maintained its position as the world's busiest airport for June 2024.


Govt Health Official Urges People to Follow Health Protocols to Protect against COVID Variants

56 hari lalu

Govt Health Official Urges People to Follow Health Protocols to Protect against COVID Variants

Indonesian government health official urged people to continue following health protocols


New COVID-19 Wave; Indonesia Says No Entry Ban for Singapore

58 hari lalu

New COVID-19 Wave; Indonesia Says No Entry Ban for Singapore

Indonesian Tourism Minister Sandiaga Uno asserted that there is no ban yet on the entry of travelers from Singapore, despite a new COVID-19 wave.


Expert: Singapore's Covid Spike Will Not Affect Indonesia

58 hari lalu

Expert: Singapore's Covid Spike Will Not Affect Indonesia

Expert said that Singapore's Covid spike will not affect Indonesia because Indonesia has lower count of elderly people and maximum vaccination ratio.


Singapore Logs Sharp Increase of COVID-19 Cases; Epidemiologist Says New Variants Not as Severe as Delta

58 hari lalu

Singapore Logs Sharp Increase of COVID-19 Cases; Epidemiologist Says New Variants Not as Severe as Delta

Between May 5 and 11, 2024, at least 25,900 people in Singapore were identified as COVID-19 positive, and 250 patients were hospitalized each day.


WHO Finds Nearly 10% of Indonesian Foods High in Trans Fat

7 Mei 2024

WHO Finds Nearly 10% of Indonesian Foods High in Trans Fat

The World Health Organization (WHO) Indonesia conducted a study on the trans fat content in Indonesian foods.