Lupa Kata Sandi? Klik di Sini

atau Masuk melalui

Belum Memiliki Akun Daftar di Sini


atau Daftar melalui

Sudah Memiliki Akun Masuk di Sini

Konfirmasi Email

Kami telah mengirimkan link aktivasi melalui email ke rudihamdani@gmail.com.

Klik link aktivasi dan dapatkan akses membaca 2 artikel gratis non Laput di koran dan Majalah Tempo

Jika Anda tidak menerima email,
Kirimkan Lagi Sekarang

India Launches Rocket to Study the Sun

Editor

Laila Afifa

3 September 2023 01:13 WIB

TEMPO.CO, Bengaluru - Following quickly on the success of India's moon landing, the country's space agency launched a rocket on Saturday, September 2, to study the sun in its first such solar mission.

The rocket left a trail of smoke and fire as scientists clapped, a live broadcast on the Indian Space Research Organisation's (ISRO) website showed.

India's space agency on social media platform X, formerly Twitter, later said the satellite was now in orbit.

The broadcast was watched by more than 860,000 viewers, while thousands gathered at a viewing gallery near the launch site to see the lift-off of the probe, which aims to study solar winds that can cause disturbance on Earth commonly seen as auroras.

Named after the Hindi word for the sun, the Aditya-L1 spacecraft took flight barely a week after India beat Russia to become the first country to land on the south pole of the moon. While Russia had a more powerful rocket, India's Chandrayaan-3 out-endured the Luna-25 to execute a textbook landing.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi is pushing for India's space missions to play a larger role on a world stage dominated by the United States and China. Home Affairs Minister Amit Shah, on social media platform X, said the launch was a "giant step" towards Modi's vision.

The Aditya-L1 is designed to travel 1.5 million km (930,000 miles) over four months, far short of the sun, which is 150 million km from earth. It is meant to stop its journey in a kind of parking lot in space, called a Lagrange Point, where objects tend to stay put because of balancing gravitational forces, reducing fuel consumption for the spacecraft.

"We have made sure we will have a unique data set that is not currently available from any other mission," said Sankar Subramanian, principal scientist of the mission.

"This will allow us to understand the sun, its dynamics as well as the inner heliosphere, which is an important element for current-day technology, as well as space-weather aspects," he added.

The mission also has the capacity to make a "big bang in terms of science," said Somak Raychaudhury, who was involved in developing some components of the observatory, adding that energy particles emitted by the sun can hit satellites that control communications on earth.

"There have been episodes when major communications have gone down because a satellite has been hit by a big corona emission. Satellites in low earth orbit are the main focus of global private players, which makes the Aditya-L1 mission a very important project," he said.

Scientists hope to learn more about the effect of solar radiation on the thousands of satellites in orbit, a number growing with the success of ventures like the Starlink communications network of Elon Musk's SpaceX.

"The low earth orbit has been heavily polluted due to private participation, so understanding how to safeguard satellites there will have special importance in today's space environment," said Rama Rao Nidamanuri, head of the Department of Earth and Space Sciences at the Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology.

Longer term, data from the mission could help better understand the sun's impact on Earth's climate patterns and the origins of solar wind, the stream of particles that flow from the sun through the solar system, ISRO scientists have said.

Pushed by Modi, India has privatized space launches and is looking to open the sector to foreign investment as it targets a five-fold increase in its share of the global launch market within the next decade.

As space turns into a global business, the country is also banking on the success of ISRO to showcase its prowess in the sector.

REUTERS

Editor's Choice: India Launches Mini Spaceship

Click here to get the latest news updates from Tempo in Google News



Indian Heatwaves, Floods Kill 11, with Four Buried Alive

1 hari lalu

Indian Heatwaves, Floods Kill 11, with Four Buried Alive

India was battling on Wednesday, June 19, extreme weather that caused severe heatwaves, landslides, and floods, killing at least 11 people this week.


India Election; Modi Set to Take Oath for the Third Time on June 8 as Allies Pledge Support

15 hari lalu

India Election; Modi Set to Take Oath for the Third Time on June 8 as Allies Pledge Support

Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi is expected to be sworn in for a record-equalling third term on June 8.


24 Dead in Eastern India as Temperatures Soar

20 hari lalu

24 Dead in Eastern India as Temperatures Soar

At least 24 people died of suspected heatstroke in India's eastern states of Bihar and Odisha on Thursday, May 30.


Fire at Entertainment Venue Kills at Least 24 People in Western India

25 hari lalu

Fire at Entertainment Venue Kills at Least 24 People in Western India

At least 24 people, including many children, died in a fire that broke out on Saturday evening in a family entertainment venue in Western India.


Scorching Heatwave in India's Rajasthan Kills Nine

28 hari lalu

Scorching Heatwave in India's Rajasthan Kills Nine

India's summer temperatures often peak in May, but scientists have predicted more heatwave days than usual this year.


Top 10 Most Populous Countries in the World; Indonesia Ranked 4th

44 hari lalu

Top 10 Most Populous Countries in the World; Indonesia Ranked 4th

Which countries have the largest population in the world?


Boeing Starliner Capsule's First Crewed Test Flight Postponed over Atlas Rocket Glitch

44 hari lalu

Boeing Starliner Capsule's First Crewed Test Flight Postponed over Atlas Rocket Glitch

The long-awaited first crewed test flight of Boeing's (BA.N) Starliner spacecraft will be no earlier than Friday, NASA says.


Indonesian Minister Says More Indian Tourists Keen on Getting Married in Bali

46 hari lalu

Indonesian Minister Says More Indian Tourists Keen on Getting Married in Bali

Tourism Minister Sandiaga Uno stated that Bali becomes increasingly attractive for Indian tourists as a place to hold wedding ceremonies.


Boeing Sending First Astronaut Crew to Space after Years of Delay

48 hari lalu

Boeing Sending First Astronaut Crew to Space after Years of Delay

Boeing is poised to send the first Starliner space capsule with a crew of humans into orbit next week.


India, Indonesia Hold Defense Industry Exhibition, Seminar to Celebrate 75 Years of Diplomatic Ties

50 hari lalu

India, Indonesia Hold Defense Industry Exhibition, Seminar to Celebrate 75 Years of Diplomatic Ties

The first-ever India-Indonesia Defense Industry Partnership was held in Jakarta on April 30.