BMKG Clarifies Issue about Natural Disasters Occur More Often at Year's End

6 December 2022 19:53 WIB

TEMPO.CO, JakartaA number of major natural disasters have indeed repeatedly occurred in Indonesia at the end of the year. The latest one was the eruption of Mount Semeru in East Java on Sunday, December 4, 2022. There was also a devastating earthquake in Cianjur of West Java on November 21, 2022, which killed 334 people. As of today, December 6, at least 8 people are still reported missing. 

The National Disaster Mitigation Agency (BNPB) recorded that several major disasters indeed occurred before or at the end of the year. For example, the eruption of Mount Merapi on November 5, 2010, the earthquake and liquefaction in Donggala of Central Sulawesi on September 28, 2018, and the Aceh tsunami on December 26, 2004.

This raises the question of whether or not major natural disasters hit Indonesia more often at the end of the year.

BMKG’s Explanation

The Meteorology, Climatology, and Geophysics Agency (BMKG) emphasized that natural disasters, such as earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, and tsunamis can occur anytime and anywhere.

“So we all have to be vigilant (over any disasters),” wrote the BMKG in its official statement, on December 3, 2021.

Natural disasters cannot be forecasted. In the case of earthquakes, the US Geological Survey explains that no technology can help scientists predict disasters precisely to date.

Thus, the presumption that there are many year-end disasters in Indonesia cannot be justified nor is it completely true. Although some major disasters occur at the end of the year, the total number of disasters in a year is not always concentrated in the fourth trimester.

BNPB’s Disaster Data

The following is a list of the number of natural disasters per month in Indonesia in 2021:

  1. 523 disasters in January 
  2. 613 disasters in February 
  3. 456 disasters in March 
  4. 366 disasters in April 
  5. 261 disasters in May 
  6. 197 disasters in June 
  7. 170 disasters in July 
  8. 61 disasters in August 
  9. 80 disasters in September 
  10. 173 disasters in October 
  11. 365 disasters in November 
  12. 249 disasters in December 

Referring to the BNPB data, it could be concluded that the highest number of natural disasters was in February, followed by January and March, or at the beginning of the year. Meanwhile, the least number of disasters was recorded in August.

ACHMAD HANIF IMADUDDIN 

Click here to get the latest news updates from Tempo on Google News



BMKG Observes Two Cyclone Seeds in Indonesia's Vicinity

13 jam lalu

BMKG Observes Two Cyclone Seeds in Indonesia's Vicinity

BMKG is currently observing two cyclone seeds - tropical cyclone 94S and the 98W cyclone - over the Indian Ocean.


2023 Drought Dryer Than 3 Previous Years, BMKG Warns

2 hari lalu

2023 Drought Dryer Than 3 Previous Years, BMKG Warns

BMKG predicts there will be a reduced rainfall intensity this year compared to the previous three years in its recent annual weather brief.


BMKG Warns Thunderstorms in Jakarta

3 hari lalu

BMKG Warns Thunderstorms in Jakarta

Tropical cyclone 90B seeds were monitored in the Indian Ocean west of Aceh, the Meteorology, Climatology, and Geophysics Agency (BMKG) has reported.


East Kalimantan Struck by M.37 Earthquake

5 hari lalu

East Kalimantan Struck by M.37 Earthquake

An earthquake with a magnitude of 3.7 shook East Kalimantan's Berau Regency at 01:24 on Wednesday, 25 January.


BMKG Forecasts Medium-High Rainfall Intensity in Yogyakarta until March

5 hari lalu

BMKG Forecasts Medium-High Rainfall Intensity in Yogyakarta until March

The Meteorology, Climatology, and Geophysics Agency (BMKG) released a weather forecast for all regions of Yogyakarta for the next three months.


BMKG Warns Possible Heavy Rain in Jakarta This Afternoon

6 hari lalu

BMKG Warns Possible Heavy Rain in Jakarta This Afternoon

The Meteorology, Climatology, and Geophysics Agency (BMKG) issued a weather forecast for Jakarta today, January 24, 2023.


3 Earthquakes of Magnitude 5 Hit North Sulawesi

6 hari lalu

3 Earthquakes of Magnitude 5 Hit North Sulawesi

Another earthquake shook North Sulawesi following the one on Tuesday morning at 01:17 January 24.


Again, Earthquake Hits Cianjur; BMKG Says 5 Regions Felt the Tremors

6 hari lalu

Again, Earthquake Hits Cianjur; BMKG Says 5 Regions Felt the Tremors

The tremors are reported to be felt in regions of Sukabumi, Depok, Bogor, Cianjur and Jakarta.


Cianjur Rocked by 3 Earthquakes; Residents Back to Evacuation Tents

6 hari lalu

Cianjur Rocked by 3 Earthquakes; Residents Back to Evacuation Tents

Cianjur of West Java was again struck by earthquakes in the early hours of Tuesday, January 24, forcing residents to return to the evacuation tents.


4.4M Earthquake Jolts West Java's Cianjur; Shaking Reaches Jakarta

6 hari lalu

4.4M Earthquake Jolts West Java's Cianjur; Shaking Reaches Jakarta

An earthquake measuring 4.4 on the Richter Scale jolted Cianjur, West Java in the early hours of today, January 24, 2023.