4 Effects of Climate Change on Indonesia's Environment

11 August 2022 18:33 WIB

Motorcyclists and cars hit the rain while crossing the HI Roundabout area, in Jakarta, Sunday, January 24, 2021. Head of the Climate Change Information Center of the Meteorology, Climatology and Geophysics Agency (BMKG) Dodo Gunawan said that rainfall in Jakarta in the next 10 days is predicted to be a category medium. TEMPO/Muhammad Hidayat

TEMPO.CO, Jakarta - Climate change has far-reaching impacts around the globe, with considerably high environmental damage affecting Indonesia as an archipelago country. A scientific journal entitled "Impact of Climate Change in Indonesia" wrote that climate change in all parts of Indonesia generally made the air temperature rise at a lower rate than in other places. In the southern region of Indonesia, rainfall will decrease while rainfall in the northern region will increase.

Human activities such as urbanization, deforestation, and industrialization tend to drive climate change. There are also external factors from nature such as continental drifts, volcanic eruptions, changes in the earth's orbit around the sun, sun spots, and El Nino. The following are the recorded effects of climate change in Indonesia:

Lower Water Quality and Quantity 

Citing ditjenppi.menlhk.go.id, the amount of water atmosphere will increase due to the increasingly massive global warming so that rainfall increases. High rainfall allows water to return to the sea, without being stored in clean water sources for human use, apart from the positive impact of high rainfall on increasing the amount of clean water.

Water quality due to high rainfall and rising temperatures makes the chlorine levels in clean water. The main function of chlorine is to inhibit growth and eradicate bacteria and various types of microbes.

Health and Behavior

Citing the Climate Change Knowledge Center page, climate change that creates a prolonged dry season leads to the development of bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites. This happens because the situation in the air humidity in the dry season is quite high.

This situation will also cause disease in humans because of the increasing number of bacteria in the air. For example, on the skin, the fungus will easily stick and be dangerous for people who are allergic to small objects such as flower pollen. As a result, allergic diseases are increasing.

In urban areas, air fumes from industrial products and vehicles have an impact on human respiratory health. In this condition, various problems such as respiratory infections will often be found.

Fisherman to Face Scarce Catches 

The sharp change in weather allows the number of fish in the sea to decline sharply. As a result, fishermen find it difficult to catch fish in the sea, so fishermen's income will decrease. They need to consider building cold storage for fish storage to anticipate uncertain weather. This also means that the government needs to help to provide support for fishermen.

Cause Psychological Disease

Citing dlh.semarangkota.go.id, climate change due to extreme weather changes will also cause disturbances such as psychological diseases. Those in areas prone to natural disasters or affected by their work will experience their own trauma that causes psychological illness.

FATHUR RACHMAN 

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