Saturday, 14 December 2019

The bow of the Finnish icebreaker MSV Nordica pushes down sea ice as it traverses the Arctic's Northwest Passage through the Canadian Arctic Archipelago, Friday, July 21, 2017. Sailing through the Northwest Passage could potentially cut the distance from East Asia to Western Europe by more than 10,000 kilometers (6,200 miles), compared with the traditional route through the Panama Canal, offering huge fuel savings for thirsty ships. But it's not without hurdles. AP/David Goldman

Johannes Heilmann, 69, watches as his catch of the day is raised off his boat after fishing for cod off the coast of Nuuk, Greenland, Wednesday, Aug. 2, 2017. Heilman catches about 400 kilos of cod per day, twice as much compared to ten years ago which he believes is due to warmer waters. From a distance, the northern shores of Baffin Island in the Arctic appear barren a craggy world of snow-capped peaks and glaciers surrounded by a sea of floating ice even in the midst of summer. AP/David Goldman

Master Mariner Jyri Viljanen, captain of the Finnish icebreaker MSV Nordica, looks out from the bridge as it sails into floating sea ice on the Victoria Strait while traversing the Northwest Passage in the Canadian Arctic Archipelago, Friday, July 21, 2017. Preparations for the transit _ which has been completed by fewer than 500 ships since 1906 _ included registering the journey with Canadian authorities, who closely monitor traffic in the passage to ensure compliance with environmental rules. AP/David Goldman

A China Shipping Line cargo ship sails sails the North Pacific Ocean off the coast of Alaska past the Finnish icebreaker MSV Nordica, Tuesday, July 11, 2017. Low oil prices that have made the Arctic shortcut less attractive to freight companies are one of the reasons, along with public pressure, why the search for fossil fuels above North America has also slowed in recent years. AP/David Goldman

The midnight sun shines across sea ice along the Northwest Passage in the Canadian Arctic Archipelago, Saturday, July 22, 2017. As climate change pushes the ice a little farther north each year, it is spurring talk of a gold rush in the remote Arctic for abundant natural resources, prized shipping routes and business opportunities in tourism and fishing. The Arctic, including the fabled Northwest Passage between the Atlantic and the Pacific, is among the last regions on earth to remain largely unexplored. AP/David Goldman

Nigel Greenwood, assistant ice navigator, left, talks with second officer Ilkka Alhoke on the bridge of the Finnish icebreaker MSV Nordica as they sail through sea ice while traversing the Northwest Passage in the Canadian Arctic Archipelago, Saturday, July 22, 2017. In July the multi-purpose icebreaker became the first vessel of the season to travel through the Northwest Passage, completing the earliest transit ever recorded. AP/David Goldman