Lupa Kata Sandi? Klik di Sini

atau Masuk melalui

Belum Memiliki Akun Daftar di Sini

atau Daftar melalui

Sudah Memiliki Akun Masuk di Sini

Konfirmasi Email

Kami telah mengirimkan link aktivasi melalui email ke

Klik link aktivasi dan dapatkan akses membaca 2 artikel gratis non Laput di koran dan Majalah Tempo

Jika Anda tidak menerima email,
Kirimkan Lagi Sekarang

How Evening Exercise Could Help Save Lives

28 April 2024 14:25 WIB

Illustration of jogging or doing exercise.

By: Angelo Sabag, Matthew Ahmadi and Emmanuel Stamatakis, The University of Sydney.

Timing physical activity to optimise health outcomes could be a powerful tool against obesity, so is it a new frontier or a passing fad?

It's a perennial dilemma for exercisers: Is it better to hit the gym at first light or wait until the evening?

Obviously it's important we engage in some form of physical activity to ensure we give our bodies the best opportunity to fight disease and live a full and healthy life.

However, it is not just a matter of how much we move, but also when we do it.

The time of day we exercise can help us get the best results to fight off the increasing number of obesity-related diseases.

Exercise has clear benefits on various functions that lead to a better quality of life from managing liver fat stores, blood sugar levels, and cardiovascular health. That's why in clinical settings, exercise physiologists develop and prescribe different plans to suit your circumstances.

However a lack of evidence has meant the timing of exercise is not part of the prescription.

That may be about to change.

Every day, our biological clocks tick to the beat of our circadian rhythms.

These rhythms play a critical role in regulating many physiological functions, including releasing hormones such as insulin, controlling your body temperature, sleep-wake cycles, and the all-important metabolism.

Exercising in the evening can have a greater effect on insulin sensitivity, which plays a key role in moving the transportation of glucose from the bloodstream to our cells where it is used to create energy.

Most healthy individuals can compensate for reduced insulin sensitivity by producing more insulin which regulates their blood glucose levels. However, people with obesity and type 2 diabetes, cannot produce sufficient insulin to compensate for this day-night change in insulin sensitivity/resistance.

The chronic inability to effectively regulate glucose levels often leads to kidney and heart failure and in many cases causes premature deaths if not treated.

Like any clock, our biological clocks can become disrupted due to things like disease or a change in environment, this can lead to metabolic abnormalities such as obesity and type 2 diabetes.

The risk of insulin resistance can however be altered through physical exercise. Given that physical activity, like nutrition,  is a powerful regulator of metabolism and our biological clocks, some scholars proposed that these approaches can be used to "resynchronise" our biological clock stemming from the fields of "chrono-nutrition" and "chrono-exercise".

Recent clinical trials involving adults with type 2 diabetes or cardiovascular disease have shown that exercising closer to the evening resulted in greater glucose control and blood pressure regulation than undertaking physical activity earlier in the day.

These clinical trials were conducted over a few weeks and months, so while it does remain unclear whether persistent habitual physical activity later in the day is associated with improved health outcomes and reduced risk of premature death, further study is required to cement the relationship between physical activity/exercise timing and health outcomes.

Our recent study published in Diabetes Care involving almost 30,000 participants, showed people with obesity who undertook regular bouts of moderate-to-vigorous intensity physical activity at any time significantly reduced the risk of developing cardiovascular complications such as heart failure, stroke, and kidney failure, as well as premature death.

Using data from wrist trackers and machine learning at Charles Perkins Centre's Mackenzie Wearables Research Hub, we were able to capture participants' regular physical activity patterns and classify them according to the time of the day they did the majority of their physical activity, including exercise.

Our findings revealed that those who did most physical activity from 6pm to midnight experienced the lowest rates of mortality with a 61 percent risk reduction and a 36 percent cardiovascular disease risk reduction. These findings were even more pronounced in the subset of participants who in addition to obesity, also had type 2 diabetes.

The results may be partly explained by the improved blood pressure and glucose regulation associated with undertaking physical activity during the evening, an explanation which is supported by recent clinical studies.

Our body is most insulin resistant at night, and for those who cannot produce more insulin to compensate, undertaking physical activity at this time may offset some of the evening-related insulin resistance.

Another important finding from our study was that the frequency of physical activity bouts was more closely associated with mortality than total volume.

This means that exercising more than once throughout the day or during specific time windows may be more beneficial than accumulating all your physical activity in one block.

This is supported by physiological evidence showing that repeated muscle contractions throughout the day may facilitate better blood glucose control, which ultimately reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease, organ failure, and other associated complications.

More research into "chrono-exercise" is needed to see just how crucial a role it could play in managing obesity related conditions.

It is important to emphasise that physical activity undertaken at any time is beneficial for health. Once an active lifestyle is established, our results suggest that people, particularly those with obesity, may consider planning it during the evening to optimise its benefits.

Originally published under Creative Commons by 360info™.


Articles published in the “Your Views & Stories” section of website are personal opinions written by third parties, and cannot be related or attributed to’s official stance.

5 Tips to Manage Stress

26 September 2023

5 Tips to Manage Stress

There are several ways to nip stress in the bud to prevent serious illness or other mental problems.

5 Tips to Exercise During High Air Pollution Level

18 September 2023

5 Tips to Exercise During High Air Pollution Level

People who reside in cities like Jakarta need to take precautions before exercising to anticipate the effects of air pollution.

Tips to Keeping Ideal Body Weight

6 September 2023

Tips to Keeping Ideal Body Weight

Body weight is not the only measure of overall health. At the same time, it can affect one's fitness.

Post-Heart Surgery Exercises Recommendation

14 Juli 2023

Post-Heart Surgery Exercises Recommendation

According to a surgeon, walking for 15 minutes is the ideal and safest exercise for post-heart surgery patients.

7 Light Exercises That Can Be Done while Fasting

25 Maret 2023

7 Light Exercises That Can Be Done while Fasting

To stay active, there are several light exercises that can be done when fasting.

Best Time to Exercise for Weight Loss

8 Maret 2023

Best Time to Exercise for Weight Loss

A study reveals that time to exercise can have a big impact on weight loss.

6 Simple Exercises That are Easy and Fun

14 Desember 2022

6 Simple Exercises That are Easy and Fun

Keeping the body fit and healthy can be simply performed through daily physical exercise.

5 Morning Habits for Weight Loss

30 Mei 2022

5 Morning Habits for Weight Loss

A complete strategy involving diet, workouts, and lifestyle changes is necessary for weight loss.

5 Recommended Exercises to Do during Fasting

30 Maret 2022

5 Recommended Exercises to Do during Fasting

Ramadan is just around the corner. Though food intake is reduced during fasting, doing exercise remains necessary to keep the body fit.

5 Tips to Exercise during Ramadan Fasting

21 April 2021

5 Tips to Exercise during Ramadan Fasting

Exercising while fasting in Ramadan is still being recommended as it will keep your body healthy.