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Reduction in GHG Emissions from Battery-based EV Higher Than Other Vehicles: ICCT

29 February 2024 09:19 WIB

TEMPO.CO, Jakarta - The International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT) assesses that the electrification of the transportation sector is on the right track to achieve the net zero emission (NZE) target of 2060 or sooner, according to a press release received by Tempo on Thursday, February 29, 2024.

The potential for battery electric vehicles (EV) to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions is the greatest compared to other types of low-emission vehicles.

Apart from that, battery electric vehicles can also optimize the achievement of GHG reduction targets when combined with increasing the electricity mix from renewable energy.

These are ICCT's findings in a study entitled "Comparison of the Life Cycle of Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Combustion Engine Motor Vehicles and Electric Vehicles in Passenger Cars and Motorbikes in Indonesia".

This study was presented in the "Media Workshop: Course To Zero (Emission)" at ECO-S Coworking & Office Space Sahid Sudirman Residence, on Wednesday (28/02). At the event were present the Deputy for Infrastructure and Transportation Coordination of the Ministry of Maritime Coordination and Investment, Rachmat Kaimuddin and two ICCT Senior Researchers, Aditya Mahalana and Georg Bieker, who are also the main authors of the study.

Rachmat Kaimuddin said that the transportation sector is the second largest contributor to GHG emissions in Indonesia and the largest in Jakarta.

“The government wants to encourage the adoption of zero-emission vehicles. "The most suitable vehicle for this is a battery electric vehicle," he said.

"According to ICCT calculations, in 2050 emissions from the transportation sector will increase twice as much as now," added Aditya Mahalana.

He explained that reducing emissions in this sector could be achieved by adopting battery electric vehicles.

Examining the results of the ICCT study which examines life-cycle emissions in four- and two-wheeled vehicles, there is potential to reduce GHG emissions by comparing various sources of powertrains. The emissions life cycle refers to vehicle emissions, starting from the manufacturing process, fuel including mining, refining and electricity generation processes, until the end of the vehicle's life with a service life of generally 18–20 years.

ICCT uses assumptions about vehicle use and energy sources in 2023. This study also makes projections for 2030 based on the government's plan to achieve the net zero emissions (NZE) target by 2060, especially adding to the mix of renewable energy sources.

The five power series compared are fossil fuel vehicles (BBM), conventional hybrid electric vehicles (HEV), plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV), hydrogen fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEV), and battery electric vehicles.

"Battery electric vehicles only produce half the emissions of petrol vehicles sold in 2030, and could even be lower," said Georg Bieker.

The study's calculations show that the life cycle emissions of battery electric vehicles for the small vehicle, sport utility vehicle (SUV) and multipurpose vehicle (MPV) segments in 2023 will be 47–56 percent lower than petrol vehicles. Meanwhile, projected life cycle emissions for SUVs in 2030 are estimated to be 52–65 percent lower compared to petrol vehicles produced in 2023.

If electric vehicle battery charging uses electricity from renewable energy sources, the potential emissions can be up to 85 percent lower.

“HEVs and PHEVs can help reduce emissions, but not in the long term. "These two vehicles make it impossible to achieve the NZE 2060 target," said Bieker. HEVs still use fuel and only offer fuel efficiency benefits. PHEV also still relies on petrol as its main fuel.

--Next page, electric motorbikes also have the potential to reduce GHG emissions compared to conventional motorbikes.



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