Mediterranean Warming Fast, Deserts May Spread in Europe: Study

Translator

Editor

1 January 1970 07:00 WIB

Image credit: REUTERS/Lee Jae-Won

TEMPO.CO, Oslo - Global warming is on track to disrupt the Mediterranean region more than any droughts or heatwaves in the past 10,000 years, turning parts of southern Europe into desert by the end of the century, scientists said on Thursday.

Average temperatures in the region have already risen by 1.3 degrees Celsius (2.3 Fahrenheit) since the late 19th century, well above the world average of 0.85C (1.5F), according to the study led by France's Aix-Marseille University.

Man-made climate change "will likely alter ecosystems in the Mediterranean in a way that is without precedent" in the past 10,000 years unless governments quickly reduce greenhouse gas emissions, the researchers wrote in the journal Science.

With unchecked warming, deserts would expand in southern Spain and Portugal, northern parts of Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia and other regions including Sicily, southern Turkey and parts of Syria, it showed.

And it would dramatically shift vegetation in the region, famed for umbrella pines, olive groves, and holm oaks.

Last year, almost 200 governments agreed in Paris to limit the rise in average world surface temperatures to "well below" 2C above pre-industrial times, ideally 1.5C. Governments will meet in Morocco next month to review the accord.

Only the 1.5C global goal would ensure Mediterranean ecosystems stay within bounds of the past 10,000 years, the study said. Debate about cutting emissions "is urgent for such sensitive regions," lead author Joel Guiot of Aix-Marseille University told Reuters.

The Mediterranean is sensitive to global warming partly because Atlantic storms are likely to shift northwards, meaning more sun and less rain.

The scientists reconstructed past climates by studying pollen in layers of mud in lakes. More oak pollen, for instance, suggested humid and temperate climates while more fir and spruce pollen indicated chillier conditions, he said.

In history, some natural hot periods and droughts have coincided with social upheaval in the Mediterranean region, such as around 1400 when many people in the Ottoman Empire abandoned unproductive farms to become nomads.

Last year, a study in the U.S. journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences said there was evidence that man-made climate change had added to a 2007-10 drought in Syria that was a contributing factor to the civil war.

And Thursday's research did not consider other changes in farming that can hasten desertification, such as around Almeria in southern Spain.

REUTERS




Govt to Offer Incentives to Eco Friendly Companies

14 Desember 2018

Govt to Offer Incentives to Eco Friendly Companies

Nurmayanti, head of product standardization for the
Environment and Forestry Ministry, said that her office is
preparing a regulation that would offer incentives to eco
friendly companies.


Two Corpse Flowers Found in Dense Sukabumi Residential Area

14 Desember 2018

Two Corpse Flowers Found in Dense Sukabumi Residential Area

Two corpse flowers or Amorphophallus titanum were seen growing
in the midst of a residential area at Gang Limus in Sukabumi
City


Two Ministers Lead Beach Cleaning Action in Kuta

14 Desember 2018

Two Ministers Lead Beach Cleaning Action in Kuta

Maritime Affairs and Fisheries Minister Susi Pudjiastuti and
Foreign Minister Retno Marsudi led the beach cleaning action
at Kuta Beach, Bali.


Jokowi: Ocean Preservation Requires Global Mental Revolution

14 Desember 2018

Jokowi: Ocean Preservation Requires Global Mental Revolution

President Jokowi in his opening speech in 2018 Our Ocean
Conference (OOC) said a global mental revolution was required
to preserve the sea.


Bogor to Ban the Use of Plastic Shopping Bags

14 Desember 2018

Bogor to Ban the Use of Plastic Shopping Bags

West Java`s Bogor city administration has decided to ban the
use of plastic bags by shopping centers as from December 1.


Greenpeace Activists Detained after Boarding Palm Oil Tanker

14 Desember 2018

Greenpeace Activists Detained after Boarding Palm Oil Tanker

Six Greenpeace activists were arrested for carrying out a
peaceful rally by boarding a cargo ship containing palm oil
from Wilmar International.


Dead Sea Turtles, Jakarta Examines Water in Thousand Island

14 Desember 2018

Dead Sea Turtles, Jakarta Examines Water in Thousand Island

Jakarta Environmental Agency in Thousand Island would examine
sample water allegedly contaminated by oil waste that caused
the death of three endange


Indonesia Concerns About Live Reef Fish Trade: Minister

14 Desember 2018

Indonesia Concerns About Live Reef Fish Trade: Minister

Minister Susi Pudjiastuti has expressed concern about the
issue of consumed live reef fish which was very popular in
the international market.


Raja Ampat Guides Work Together to Clean Misool Sea

14 Desember 2018

Raja Ampat Guides Work Together to Clean Misool Sea

Indonesian Guides Association (HPI) of Raja Ampat worked
together to clean the beach and pick up the spiny starfish.


Rainy Season to Start on October, Says BMKG

24 Oktober 2018

Rainy Season to Start on October, Says BMKG

The Meteorology Climatology and Geophysics Agency (BMKG)
predicted most regions in Indonesia will be entering the rainy
season on October.