TEMPO.CO, Semarang - The rates of violence against women in Central Java province remain alarmingly high.
“Of the [cases of] violence experienced by women in Central Java, most were sexual abuse,” said Witi Muntari of the Legal Resources Centre for Gender Equality and Human Rights (LRC-KJHAM) Semarang chapter.
She revealed that 496 cases of violence against women took place in 2016 involving 871 victims; 700 of whom or 80.4 percent suffered sexual abuse.
The period between January and February 2017 saw 58 cases of violence against women, including 19 cases of violence against female partner or 11.02 percent, 14 cases of domestic violence or 8.2 percent, 12 rape cases or 6.96 percent, seven cases of slavery or 4.06 percent, and one case of violence each against migrant worker, sex worker, and sexual abuse or 1.16 percent, respectively.
“In terms of the type of violence, sexual abuse dominated at 72.32 percent or 64 female victims, followed by physical abuse at 14.69 percent, and psychological [abuse] at 9.04 percent,” he said.
From the data, LRC-KJHAM Semarang noted high rate of sexual abuse against women compared to physical and psychological abuse.
LRC-KJHAM observes that in general, female victims of violence were mostly high-school graduates, even though many women with higher education had also fallen victim to such violence.
“It means that being highly educated does not necessarily mean that [women] would not fall victim to violence because [unequal] power relations between men and women remain high that may lead to discrimination against women, including violence against women,” he said.