TEMPO.CO, Jakarta - Commission for Missing Persons and Victims of Violence (KontraS) revealed the reasons that made the Joko `Jokowi` Widodo-Jusuf Kalla (JK) administration fail to fulfill the promises related to human right issues.
“I said that Jokowi’s administration does not appear to make the human rights issue a priority. It is defeated by the government’s ambition to boost the infrastructure development,” KontraS Coordinator, Yati Andriani, Jakarta, Friday, October 19.
Based on the Nawacita (nine priorities) document, KontraS said Jokowi-JK has 17 programs or promises relating to human right issues. KontraS noted six programs were not fulfilled and 11 promises were incompletely finished.
The government only managed to fulfill general issues such as the economic, social and cultural sectors. “Only issues that the government considered safe, sensitive, and populist for the community,” said Yati.
Based on 46 plans of human rights act (Ranham), Yati said that her institution had found four Ranham that had failed to run significantly.
Regarding the discussion of the convention ratification against enforced disappearance in 2010, during the Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono administration, the government had signed the convention at the UN. “But in Jokowi’s era, it should have been followed up by ratifying it. [But] until the end of his administration, there was no ratification. It has failed,” she said.
Based on the Universal Periodic Review document, Jokowi has not been able to conduct the abolition of the death penalty. The death penalty execution in the Jokowi-JK era has been carried out up to three times since 2015.
Jokowi and Jusuf Kalla are also considered failed to achieve the human rights protection in Papua. There were 69 cases of extrajudicial killings occurred in Papua from January 2010 to February 2018, which were carried out by security forces, National Army or TNI, National Police and Public Order Agency (Satpol PP).
Jokowi-Jusuf Kalla’s promise to open the access for journalists to Papua was also considered to have failed. The government had allowed the visit of the UN Special Reporter for the Rights to Health, Danius Puras.
However, foreign media access to monitoring the human right conditions in Papua remains closed. In fact, a number of foreign journalists were arrested, namely two journalists from France, 6 from Japan, and 1 from Poland.