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10 Countries with Highest Suicide Rates in the World

Translator

Najla Nur Fauziyah

Editor

Laila Afifa

20 June 2024 17:25 WIB

TEMPO.CO, JakartaThe International Association for Suicide Prevention (IASP) reports that around 703,000 people die from suicide every year. One in every 100 deaths (1.3 percent) was caused by suicide in 2019. More than 58 percent of deaths by suicide occur at the age of less than 50 years.

So, which countries have the highest suicide rates? 

List of Countries with the Highest Suicide Rates

The World Health Organization (WHO) released data on estimated suicide rates worldwide in 2019. The list of the 10 countries with the highest death rates from suicide is as follows:

1. Lesotho

Lesotho recorded 72.4 suicide cases per 100,000 people, almost doubling the rate of Guyana in the second place. Social and economic factors, as well as the high prevalence of HIV/AIDS, trigger mental health problems in Lesotho.

2. Guyana

Guyana has an estimated suicide rate of 40.3 cases per 100,000 population. About 3 percent of the state budget in the country bordering Venezuela on the northern side of South America is for mental health care.

3. Eswatini

Eswatini, formerly known as Swaziland, has a suicide rate of 29.4 cases per 100,000 people. Many factors contribute to the high rates of suicide in the country, including socioeconomic and psychological issues.

4. South Korea

South Korea is known for its exceptionally high suicide rates. According to WHO in 2019, the suicide rate in this country reached 28.6 cases per 100,000 population. Academic and professional burdens and fierce competition are known to create a troublesome climate in South Korea, often leading to mental health issues. 

5. Kiribati

With a suicide rate of 28.3 cases per 100,000 people, Kiribati is on the list of countries with the highest suicide rate in the world. Limited access to mental health services and economic burdens contribute to the suicide issues in the country. Kiribati government allots 5 percent of its total health budget to handle mental well-being issues.

6. Federated States of Micronesia

A country within the western Pacific Ocean, the Federated States of Micronesia recorded a suicide rate of 28.2 per 100,000 residents. Several factors contribute to the high suicide rate, including limited access to mental health resources, socio-economic issues, and the stigma surrounding mental problems.

7. Lithuania

The suicide rate in Lithuania is estimated to have reached 26.1 cases per 100,000 people in 2019. Financial insecurity, limited access to mental well-being treatment, and social segregation worsen the mental health conditions in the country. 

8. Suriname

The suicide rate in this country on the northeastern coast of South America reached 25.4 cases per 100,000 people. Poverty, alcohol abuse, domestic violence, and the stigma surrounding mental health issues are some of the main causes of the high suicide rate in Suriname. 

9. Russia

WHO estimated the suicide rate in Russia at 25.1 cases per 100,000 people in 2019. Several components contribute to Russia’s exceptionally high suicide rate, including alcohol abuse and mental well-being shame. 

10. South Africa

With a suicide rate of 23.5 cases per 100,000 people, South Africa is listed as one of the countries with the highest suicide rate in the world. Living with economic inequality has caused ongoing traumatic stress in the country. The South African Depression and Anxiety Group also reported 23 suicides and 460 serious attempts a day.

MELYNDA DWI PUSPITA

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