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DGI 2024 Report: Indonesian Policies Tend to Hinder Philanthropic Activities

Translator

Aisha Shaidra

Editor

Nabiha Zain

20 June 2024 10:02 WIB

TEMPO.CO, Jakarta - The 2024 Doing Good Index (DGI) report, recently launched by the Centre for Asian Philanthropy and Society (CAPS), reveals that Indonesia's policies related to philanthropic activities and social initiatives have been stagnant and even barely able to encourage the progress of these activities in the last six years. This lack of policy change and improvement is reflected in the DGI 2024 Report, released on Wednesday, June 19, 2024, which shows that Indonesia is ‘doing okay’.

The ‘doing okay’ predicate shows that the policies and ecosystems of the philanthropic and non-profit sectors in Indonesia have not undergone much change and improvement. As a result, it does not support citizen initiatives to do good, especially those carried out through Service Delivery Organizations (SDOs) or social organizations. The report said that this is one of the reasons that Indonesia does not move towards a better position. 

This position is the same as that of the reports released in 2020 and 2022. The report said that in those periods, there was almost no effort to renew and improve policies and social sector ecosystems that were less supportive and tended to hamper philanthropic activities or social initiatives.

The government's reluctance to change and improve these policies also impacts the role and support of Service Delivery Organizations (SDOs) or social organizations in helping the government address social problems.

The DGI report describes the policy map, institutional practices and social sector landscape in 17 Asian countries, including Indonesia. DGI examines four sub-indices that are considered to strengthen or weaken social initiatives. Starting from legislation, tax and fiscal policies, then procurement policies, and ecosystems.

The position of the countries studied based on the four sub-indices is grouped into four clusters as well. From the worst to the best, namely Not Doing Enough, Doing Okay, Doing Better, and Doing Well. The biennial study conducted by CAPS involved 2,183 SDOs and NGOs as respondents and 140 expert panels. Meanwhile, the DGI 2024 research in Indonesia was conducted in collaboration with PIRAC and involved 202 organizations and 12 experts.

The DGI 2024 report shows that, in general, there has been no significant change in social sector policies and ecosystems in Asia over the past two years. As a result, the position of the countries studied also did not change much compared to the previous two years.

For example, in the 2020 and 2022 reports, Indonesia's position in the 2024 DGI report stagnated in the doing okay cluster, along with Cambodia, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and Vietnam. Indonesia's position in the DGI is still below Malaysia, the Philippines, Japan, Singapore, and several other countries, indicating better social sector policies and ecosystems.

Executive Director of the Public Interest Research and Advocacy Center (PIRAC), Ninik Annisa, said government policies and resource support are important components in developing various countries' philanthropic and non-profit sectors. Policies that facilitate the growth and development of various social initiatives can encourage the development and progress of the philanthropic or non-profit sector.  "However, like other countries in Asia, SDOs or NGOs in Indonesia have the same problem in understanding and implementing regulations or laws," she said on Wednesday.

AISHA SHAIDRA

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