Side Effects of Polio Immunization that Parents Should Know

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22 November 2022 10:31 WIB

TEMPO.CO, JakartaPolio immunization help to protect the body from Poliovirus, a dangerous disease that could infect anyone, but it is more common in toddlers. Therefore, every parent needs to be aware of it.

Immunizations containing the polio vaccine are effective and safe, even though every medicine may have an unwanted side effect. The polio vaccine side effect happens to be quite rare and is usually mild and temporary which occurs in the first few days after vaccination.

According to Betterhealth, several side effects can be caused after polio immunization:

-Muscle pain
-Pain, itching, swelling or redness around the site of injection. Usually for one to two days.
-Sometimes a lump on the site of injection may persist for a week; treatment is not required.
-Fever
-Children may become restless, change mood such as being irritable, easily cry, generally unhappy, sleepy, and tired.

Special treatment is usually not required. However, treatment options that can reduce the side effects of the polio vaccine are giving extra fluids to drink and not wearing thick clothing when having a fever. Although routine use of paracetamol after vaccination is not recommended with exception of pain or fever happen to occur.

Quoting from Healthline, other minor side effects can appear such as pain and redness around the site of injection. While serious side effects such as allergy symptoms could occur, follow by:

-Itchy rash
-Reddened skin
-Paleness
-Low blood pressure
-Swollen throat or tongue
-Difficulty breathing
-Fast or weak pulse
-Swelling of the face or lips
-Nauseous
-Vomit
-Dizzy 
-Faint
-Blue skin

If one experiences any symptoms with a severe allergic reaction, seek emergency medical care.

MALINI | IMAJI LASAHIDO (INTERN)

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