Heartbreak, Sudden Joy Share Similar Health Effect

22 July 2022 15:01 WIB

According to the AHA, in 85 percent of cases, takotsubo is triggered by an emotional or physically stressful event that precedes the onset of symptoms by minutes to hours.

Triggers for emotional stress include sadness (death of a loved one), fear (armed robbery, public speaking), anger (fighting with a partner), relationship conflict (divorce), and financial problems (losing a gamble, losing a job). Triggers of physical stress consist of acute asthma, surgery, chemotherapy, and stroke.

It can be difficult to self-diagnose takotsubo cardiomyopathy or distinguish it from a heart attack. However, there may be certain differences. Unlike a heart attack, takotsubo syndrome cannot be caused by underlying heart disease. 

On examination, people with a broken heart or happy heart syndrome do not show the typical signs of a heart attack and often have no heart disease at all. In addition, recovery from this syndrome can be fast, unlike recovery from a heart attack which can be long and intense.

While a heart attack has a very high chance of recurrence, takotsubo cardiomyopathy is said to have a relatively low recurrence rate of 2-4 percent per year. This condition is also temporary and settles on its own.

Certain tests can determine and diagnose this health condition, which includes an EKG, which looks at the electrical activity of the heart, blood tests, an angiogram, an echocardiogram, and an MRI scan of the heart. People can also watch for signs, such as irregular heartbeat, dizziness, chest pain, shortness of breath, and stroke-like symptoms. However, people may confuse these signs with a heart attack as well. It is important to consider all risk factors and avoid intense stress.

ANTARA

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