Jokowi Ratifies 1990 International Oil Pollution Convention

19 May 2022 21:15 WIB

Workers clean up an oil spill caused by abnormal waves, triggered by a massive underwater volcanic eruption half a world away in Tonga, at the Peruvian beach in Ventanilla, Peru, January 18, 2022. REUTERS/Pilar Olivares

TEMPO.CO, Jakarta - President Joko Widodo, known as Jokowi, on Thursday officially issued Presidential Regulation No.76/2022 which ratifies the 1990 international convention on oil pollution preparedness, response, and cooperation. The regulation has been effective since the day of the signing on April 28. 

The convention was adopted at the International Maritime Organization Conference held on November 30, 1990, in London, which aimed to tackle oil spills at sea and ensure the protection of the maritime environment.

This convention contains detailed rules overseeing a number of responses to oil pollution, such as emergency response plans, reporting procedures, national and regional response systems, to international cooperation.

In the past decade, there have been some instances of oil spill contaminations that had affected Indonesia, such as the Montara wellhead platform blowout experienced by the Petroleum Authority of Thailand Exploration and Production (PTTEP) Thailand. It was located in the Timor Sea, west of Australia, in August 2009, and was contaminated the southern coast of East Nusa Tenggara. 

Another incident took place on January 2, 2015, which saw an oil spill from the crash between two vessels; MT. Alyarmouk and MV. Sinar Kapuas. This happened in the Singaporean Strait and spread to Indonesian waters. 

The latest was the oil spill at the Pertamina Hulu Energi Offshore North West Java in July 2019. 

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