MUI Explains Halal, Haram Status of COVID-19 Vaccines

26 April 2022 21:09 WIB

TEMPO.CO, Jakarta - The Indonesian Ulema Council (MUI) head of fatwa Asrorun Ni'am Sholeh on Tuesday talked about the halal or haram label of a vaccine following a recent verdict by the Supreme Court (MA). The MA verdict requires the government to protect and guarantee the halal status of Covid-19 vaccines in Indonesia.

On April 14, the Indonesian Muslim Consumers Foundation (YKMI) filed a civil lawsuit at the Supreme Court which they won. Therefore, the MA issued Law No.31P/HUM/2022 which annuls Presidential Regulation No.99/2020 on vaccine procurement and the enrollment of vaccinations.

Currently, the Astrazeneca is an available option in Indonesia that is still considered haram but is permitted (mubah) for use in an emergency situation. 

“The mubah label is now canceled according to the fatwa that was delivered,” said Sholeh on April 26. 

The following are the Covid-19 vaccines available in Indonesia classified under the MUI's halal or haram label:

  1. Sinovac

MUI issued Fatwa No.2/2021 regarding vaccine products from Sinovac Life Sciences Co. Ltd China and PT Bio Farma (Persero). Sinovac vaccines from CoronaVac, Covid-19 Vaccine, and Vac2Bio have been declared halal by the MUI.

  1. ZifivaxTM

Fatwa No.53/2021 regulates vaccine products from Anhui Zhifei Longcon Biopharmaceutical Co. Ltd. The vaccine with the ZifivaxTM brand is declared halal by MUI.

  1. Merah Putih Vaccine 

Fatwa No.8/2022 regulates vaccine production from Biotis Pharmaceuticals Indonesia in collaboration with Airlangga University, East Java. The vaccine with the Merah Putih brand is declared halal.

  1. Sinopharm 

MUI has named vaccine products made by Beijing Institute of Biological Products Co Ltd., namely the Sinopharm, as halal. However, Asrorun has yet to provide a detailed explanation regarding the halal status of the Sinopharm as the MUI official website once considered this vaccine haram but was permitted for emergency use. 

Apart from the four aforementioned vaccines, other available vaccines in Indonesia are either haram or statuses yet to be determined. 

  1. AstraZeneca

The MUI issued Fatwa No.14/2021 on the use of the AstraZeneca vaccine produced by South Korea’s SK Bioscience Co. Ltd, which labels it as haram as its production process utilizes trypsin derived from the pancreas of pigs in its main materials. However, the use of this vaccine was permitted due to the emergency need for the vaccine, among others.

  1. Pfizer dan Moderna

Similar to AstraZeneca, Pfizer and Moderna share the same status but are still recommended for use by the MUI under the mubah or temporarily permitted status. The MUI is unable to make a final decision due to the lack of data on the use of the vaccine’s ingredients.

"MUI is unable to access the data on the ingredients, vaccine production processes that are used as a basis to establish a fatwa [for Moderna]," the MUI statement wrote in August 2021. 

Read: MUI Monitors TV Show during Ramadan

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