2 Types of Insulin for Diabetes
13 January 2022 07:03 WIB
TEMPO.CO, Jakarta - Insulin injection can help in managing type 1 and 2 Diabetes. The injected insulin will act as a replacement or supplement of the body's natural insulin. Seeing as people with type 1 Diabetes are unable to produce insulin, an injection is required to control the blood glucose levels.
As quoted from healthline.com, people with diabetes type 2 can still control their glucose level with a change in lifestyle and consuming medicine. However, should it fail, they might need an additional dose of insulin.
Quoted from Mayoclinic website, there are two common insulin therapy, namely the long and short acting insulin.
- Long, Ultra-long or Intermediate Acting
The long acting ones help diabetic people by keeping the glucose level when they don't eat, for the liver will continue to emit glucose to supply the body with energy.
Among the long acting ones are glargine (Lantus, Toujeo), Detemir (Levemir), Degludec (Tresiba) and NPH (Humulin N, Novolin N, Novolin ReliOn Insulin N). Those insulin mainly works between 8 to 40 hours after injection, depending on the types.
- Short or Rapid Acting
This type is ideal to prevent a leap of blood glucose after eating. It works far quickly if compared to the Long ones, it might even take only 3 minutes. Examples of this are Aspart (NovoLog, Fiasp), Glulisine (Apidra), Lispr0 (Humalog, Admelog) and Reguler (Humulin R, Novolin R, Myxredlin, ReliOn R).
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