TEMPO.CO, Jakarta - The Meteorology, Climatology, and Geophysics Agency (BMKG) predicted that this year's rainfall will slightly be lower than that of 2021. The agency head Dwikorita Karnawati reported the weather forecast in a statement, Monday night, Jan. 10.
The government and the public, however, must stay alert of potential hydrometeorological disasters as some regions are predicted to see monthly rainfall above normal.
They are central to northern Sumatra, eastern and northern Kalimantan, western Java, parts of Sulawesi, eastern Nusa Tenggara, Maluku, and Papua. The prediction was for rainfall in January.
In February, parts of Sumatra, parts of Java, eastern Kalimantan, Sulawesi, northern Maluku, and Papua were forecasted to have above-normal rainfall. A similar prediction in March was for northern Sumatra, Java, northern Kalimantan, Sulawesi, Maluku, North Maluku, and parts of Papua.
Apart from disasters such as floods, flash floods, and landslides, Dwikorita underlined that the positive impacts caused by above-normal monthly rainfall must also be mapped.
“It can be benefited to meet the needs of water resources for the agricultural sector and the forestry sector,” the BMKG head explained.
In the long term, Dwikorita went on, the government needed to evaluate and improve spatial planning and water management by considering the effects and impacts of climate change. This could be an anticipatory measure against the increasing frequency and intensity of hydrometeorological multi-hazards.