First Aid for Sharp Rusty Object-related Injury



Laila Afifa

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  • TEMPO.CO, Jakarta - You might have experienced an injury in your life, one of the worst is to get injured by a rusty object. It can be in the form of rusty nails scattered on the ground, sharp edges from old gates or doors, or other rusty metallic objects you may not be aware of in your surrounding. 

    Sharp rusty objects can cause injuries either as a cut wound or puncture wound. Tetanus can be a result of untreated injuries related to rusty objects. Citing, first aid treatment after a nail puncture or an injury from sharp rusty objects can speed the healing process and prevent an infection.

    1. Wash your hands

    It is critical to note to wash your hands before caring for any type of wound. Germs such as bacteria could enter your body through a wound. Clean your hands with warm soapy water for at least 20 seconds and then dry your hands with a clean cloth.

    2. Stop the bleeding

    Nail punctures or slice wounds most of the time result in bleeding while some cases don’t. If bleeding occurs, apply gentle pressure to stop bleeding and promote clotting. Remember to be gentle, as too much pressure can worsen the pain and bleeding.

    3. Clean your wound

    A nail on the ground may contain bacteria or other germs that can make you sick, especially if it’s dirty or covered in rust. Cleaning your wound is one of the best ways to prevent complications like tetanus, a serious bacterial infection. The bacteria that causes tetanus can be found in dirt, dust, or animal feces.

    To properly clean a puncture wound, rinse the injury with clean water for about 5 to 10 minutes. This helps remove dirt and any loose debris. Debris can include dirt or pieces of fabric from your sock. Also, gently clean the skin around your wound with soap, water, and a washcloth.

    4. Apply antibiotic cream

    Cleaning is important but it’s not enough. You should also protect the puncture to prevent an infection. After cleaning and drying your wound, apply a thin layer of a topical antibiotic cream such as Neosporin.

    5. Cover your wound

    It can take several days for your injury to heal. During this time, wrap it in a bandage to protect and keep it clean. Apart from the aforementioned first aid steps, change your bandages at least once a day, preferably after shower. Wait until any bleeding stops before applying a bandage.