TEMPO.CO, Jakarta - Indonesia is home to a wide range of endemic wildlife species with at least 612 mammals, birds, reptiles, and amphibian species. Unfortunately, these endemic wildlife are on the brink of extinction.
The level of extinction for a certain species is categorized by conservation status used both for wildlife and plants that are issued by the government and organizations active in environmental and biodiversity protection.
One of the organizations issuing a conservation status is the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) that comprises governments from a number of countries and civil society organizations. This organization includes soon-to-be extinct species under their ‘red list.’
The IUCN red list divides conservation status into nine categories: Extinct, Extinct in the Wild, Critically Endangered, Endangered, Vulnerable, Near Threatened, Least Concern, Data Deficient, and Not Evaluated.
They categorize 136 species in its critically endangered category and 215 species as endangered. Ten wildlife animals endemic to indonesia on the list are as follows:
- Sumatran Orangutan
- Bali Myna Leucopsar rothschildi
- The Sulawesi forest turtle, Leucocephalon yuwonoi
- Mbaiso Tree Kangaroo
- Javanese Eagle
- Maleo bird
- Mountain Anoa, Bubalus quarlesi
- Aru flying fox (Pteropus aruensis)
- Biak Spotted Cuscus