TEMPO.CO, Jakarta - Indonesia saw an increase in the prevalence of non-communicable diseases which became the leading causes of death based on the 2018 Basic Health Research (Riskesdas).
The hike in the prevalence of five diseases as follows was attributable to an unhealthy lifestyle. Thus, implementing a healthier lifestyle is necessary as a preventive measure. As reported by Siloam Hospital, the following is the list of five leading causes of death in the country.
About 8 million deaths in Indonesia were caused by hypertension, and the figure kept increasing every year. In 2013, the prevalence of the disease was 25.8 percent and up to 34.1 percent in 2018.
Hypertension is considered the silent killer since most sufferers do not develop symptoms. In some cases, they found out to have the disease after having complications.
- Diabetes mellitus
The prevalence of diabetes mellitus increased from 6.9 percent to 8.5 percent as of 2018. This reduced life expectancy by 5 to 10 years. The complications followed by the disease affect the function of the eyes, heart, kidneys, skin, nerves, and respiratory tract.
Stroke is a non-communicable disease that leads to the highest rate of death. In 2018, its prevalence rose from 7 percent to 10.9 percent. Although most cases are found in the 45-74 year age group, people aged 15-24 years old also suffer from the disease.
- Chronic kidney failure
A total of 30,554 active patients underwent hemodialysis in 2015, most of whom suffered chronic kidney failure. The prevalence of the disease in 2013 was 2 percent and increased to 3.8 percent in 2018. Besides an unhealthy lifestyle, chronic kidney disease may also be triggered by diabetes mellitus, high blood pressure, and obesity.
Cancer is among non-communicable diseases that cause the most deaths after stroke and hypertension. The prevalence data for this disease increased from 1.4 percent to 1.8 percent in 2018. Smoking is linked to about 20 percent of cancer deaths and 70 percent of lung cancer deaths in the world.